Analysis of Potential Conversion from Sheriff’s Office to County Police Department

Executive Summary

Loudoun County, Virginia, engaged the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) to systematically study and evaluate considerations for the County in potentially reorganizing its public safety services by separating some of the law enforcement functions from the sheriff’s office and creating a county police department.

By agreement with the County, IACP’s analysis entails three primary focus areas:

Task 1. Organizational Analysis

Evaluate and consider existing and effective practices for the organizational and governance structure between the Board of Supervisors and the Loudoun County Sheriff’s Office. Include a comparative analysis of the formation of a county police department to provide primary police services.

Task 2. Cost Analysis

Analyze the fiscal costs and impacts of forming and operating a county police department in addition to the statutorily mandated sheriff’s office, including short- and long-term operational costs and facilities needs.

Task 3. Operational Analysis

Develop and present a review of the significant factors to consider in making this potential change and identify potential transition and/or implementation plans, timelines, and challenges.

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