Interest in Police Patrol Careers

This is an interesting report that looks at possible causes of why people are not pursuing a career in policing.

Why, we wondered, despite the robust and increasing numbers of entry-level positions in police patrol, was the career of police patrol work such a “hard sell” with the current potential applicant pool? Also, why were some of those very individuals seemingly interested in specialized police work (e.g., detective or investigator, K9 officer, narcotics officer)

but averse to patrol officer positions? Were these potential applicants fearful of the selection process (i.e., invasive background investigations and social media oversight)? Were these people deterred from police patrol careers because of the perception that the initial training expectations were too rigorous (i.e., academy physical training and the challenge of attending a lengthy academy)? Another consideration which grew out of this conversation was the potential inability or failure of police agencies to possibly address basic recruit expectations, namely assistance with the application process, realistic job preview, and mentoring

aquila.usm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi

Examining Parole Revocation Patterns

In the state of Utah, a revocation to prison from parole can occur in two instances, (1) if the offender failed to comply with their supervision conditions and (2) if the offender was convicted of a new crime while on parole. It should be emphasized that changes in revocation rates through time may not speak to changes in offender behavior but rather the nature and enforcement of criminal justice policies and practices. Additionally, it may not be reflective of general health trends and other dynamic social phenomena. With this in mind, this study examines revocation patterns through the lens of Utah’s current criminal justice policies using a one-year follow-up time.

justice.utah.gov/JRI/Documents/Parole_Revocation_Patterns_Final.pdf

Gun violence not (just) a public health problem | Modern Policing

This article notes the increasingly popular view that gun violence is like an epidemic and can best be reduced by adopting the public health approach. The authors acknowledge the value of that approach but argue that it needs to be combined with effective deterrence and incapacitation. In particular, the importance of investigating and solving shootings…
— Read on gcordner.wordpress.com/2018/11/08/gun-violence-not-just-a-public-health-problem/

Formerly Incarcerated Continue to be Imprisoned by Low Education: Study

Getting Back on Course: Educational exclusion and attainment among formerly incarcerated people

Throughout their lives, people who serve time in prison are held back from educational opportunities, making it nearly impossible to earn the credentials they need to succeed after release. Using data from the National Former Prisoner Survey, this report reveals that formerly incarcerated people are often relegated to the lowest rungs of the educational ladder; more than half hold only a high school diploma or GED, and a quarter hold no credential at all. While incarcerated, and even after release from prison, we find that people rarely get the chance to make up for the educational opportunities from which they’ve been excluded — opportunities that impact their chances of reentry success.

https://www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/education.html

Jail as Injunction

Jail as Injunction

Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 107, 2019 Wake Forest Univ. Legal Studies Paper

This article discusses the impact that pretrial detention can have on a defendant and their family.  The argument here is that the defendant’s family should be considered when determining bail.

Social Ledger????

https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3241408

Half a million people sit in jail every day in America who have not been convicted of a crime but stand merely accused. Detention can cost defendants their jobs, housing, or even custody of their children; detention makes defendants more likely to commit a crime and can harm them mentally and physically; it takes a toll on their families and communities too. Courts simply ignore these serious harms when deciding whether a defendant should lose her liberty because of a mere accusation of wrongdoing. In striking contrast to criminal cases where the government so often succeeds in obtaining before trial the relief that it ultimately seeks—incarceration of the defendant—civil plaintiffs attempting to obtain before judgment the relief that they ultimately seek—by way of a preliminary injunction—face quite a challenge.

Gun Violence – Costs and Thoughts

Three articles that discuss the costs of gun violence to Children, Pre-hospital deaths means an increased violence, and the Annual cost of gun violence.

Gunshot wounds in children account for $270M in medical charges annually

More than 8,300 children and teenagers each year are treated for gunshot wounds in emergency departments across the U.S., study finds

A new Johns Hopkins study of more than 75,000 teenagers and children who suffered a firearm-related injury between 2006 and 2014 points to the financial burden of gunshot wounds and highlights the increasing incidence of injury in certain age groups.

Faiz Gani, a research fellow in the Johns Hopkins Surgery Center for Outcomes Research and one of the report’s authors, published a study last year that examined the annual cost of gun violence in America, finding that emergency room and inpatient charges total approximately $2.8 billion each year. In light of recent school shootings—such as the February 2018 mass shooting at the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Florida where 17 people were killed and 17 more were wounded—Gani and his team of researchers point to an urgent need to understand trends in firearm-related injuries among young people.

Increase in prehospital deaths over the past decade points to intensifying violence

Patients were four times more likely to die from gunshot wounds, nearly nine times more likely to die from stab wounds before getting to a trauma center in 2014, compared to 2007

A new Johns Hopkins Medicine analysis of national trauma data shows that trauma patients were four times more likely to die from gunshot wounds and nearly nine times more likely to die from stab wounds before getting to a trauma center in 2014, compared with rates in 2007.

report of the findings, published April 3 in the Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, says that the increase in prehospital mortality suggests violence is intensifying.

The annual cost of gun violence in America—$2.8 billion in emergency room, inpatient charges

Johns Hopkins study of more than 704,000 patients highlights trends in injuries, incidence

A Johns Hopkins study of more than 704,000 people who arrived alive at a United States emergency room for treatment of a firearm-related injury over a nine-year period finds decreasing incidence of such injuries in some age groups, increasing trends in others, and affirmation of the persistently high cost of gunshot wounds in dollars and human suffering.

Among the findings—firearm-related injuries account for approximately $2.8 billion in emergency department and inpatient care each year.

A report on the analysis, published in the October issue of Health Affairs, is designed to highlight updated trends in types of firearm injuries and the kinds of firearms commonly used over time.

https://hub.jhu.edu/2017/10/04/gun-violence-cost-injury-study/