Addicted to Fines: A Special Governing Report

This topic was propelled to the forefront after the practices Ferguson, MO were examined by the Department of Justice.

Hundreds of small cities and towns throughout the country rely significantly on fines to fund their budgets.
— Read on

More parts of the report are available here:

Addicted to Fines Small Towns in much of the Country are Dangerously Dependent on Punitive Fines and Fees


Read full analysis with data for local governments

Recent Developments in Police Use of Force

There have been several changes to what guides police use of force.

California passed legislation that tightens the restraints for when police use of force is allowed.

The COP of Camden NJ presented a new policy of Police Use of Force which he hopes to become a National Standard.

The Force Report a website that has compiled use of police force throughout New Jersey.

A 1979 article found at NCJRS about Community Concern and Police use of Deadly Force.


California Police use of force

California Police Use of Force Law

AB-392 Peace officers: deadly force. Passed and signed 8-19-2019


SB-230 Law enforcement: use of deadly force: training: policies

Camden Police

Camden police launch strict ‘last resort’ use-of-force policy. Chief wants it to be national model.

See video in news report


This has video (same as above?)

Camden County Police Department Use of Force Policy


The Force Report

Five years. 72,677 documents. Every local police department in N.J. We built the most comprehensive statewide database of police use of force in the U.S.


A look at concerns on police use of force in 1979



This is the first publication I have come across in years that is dedicated to Women in Policing.

“On Dec. 3-4, 2018, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) hosted the Research Summit on Women in Policing at our Washington, D.C., headquarters. Nearly 100 attendees participated, including sworn and civilian law enforcement officers from the United States and abroad, leading policing researchers, representatives from professional organizations and foundations, and federal partners. The goal of the summit was to understand the current state of research relevant to women in American policing, and to generate a research agenda of questions that women leaders in the field have identified as priorities in moving the profession forward toward parity.”

Articles on women in policing are so rare that earlier this year I shared a link to an article about women in the Fire Service.

HERE is a link to an article about women in the fire service.

Women in Policing:

Institute for Innovation in Prosecution

This is an interesting website tied in with John Jay College. It has position papers and policy briefs available.

Prosecutors And Officer-Involved Fatalities A Forced Evolution: A Forced Evolution From Tragedy To Advocacy

When Cops Kill Civilians Finding a Path to Justice

Every U.S. prosecutor should expect that an officer-involved shooting or death will occur “at some point” during her tenure, and have in place a plan to deal with it fairly and transparently, suggests a paper produced by the Institute for Innovation in Prosecution at John Jay College.

— Read on