Gun Violence – Costs and Thoughts

Three articles that discuss the costs of gun violence to Children, Pre-hospital deaths means an increased violence, and the Annual cost of gun violence.

Gunshot wounds in children account for $270M in medical charges annually

More than 8,300 children and teenagers each year are treated for gunshot wounds in emergency departments across the U.S., study finds

A new Johns Hopkins study of more than 75,000 teenagers and children who suffered a firearm-related injury between 2006 and 2014 points to the financial burden of gunshot wounds and highlights the increasing incidence of injury in certain age groups.

Faiz Gani, a research fellow in the Johns Hopkins Surgery Center for Outcomes Research and one of the report’s authors, published a study last year that examined the annual cost of gun violence in America, finding that emergency room and inpatient charges total approximately $2.8 billion each year. In light of recent school shootings—such as the February 2018 mass shooting at the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Florida where 17 people were killed and 17 more were wounded—Gani and his team of researchers point to an urgent need to understand trends in firearm-related injuries among young people.

Increase in prehospital deaths over the past decade points to intensifying violence

Patients were four times more likely to die from gunshot wounds, nearly nine times more likely to die from stab wounds before getting to a trauma center in 2014, compared to 2007

A new Johns Hopkins Medicine analysis of national trauma data shows that trauma patients were four times more likely to die from gunshot wounds and nearly nine times more likely to die from stab wounds before getting to a trauma center in 2014, compared with rates in 2007.

report of the findings, published April 3 in the Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, says that the increase in prehospital mortality suggests violence is intensifying.

The annual cost of gun violence in America—$2.8 billion in emergency room, inpatient charges

Johns Hopkins study of more than 704,000 patients highlights trends in injuries, incidence

A Johns Hopkins study of more than 704,000 people who arrived alive at a United States emergency room for treatment of a firearm-related injury over a nine-year period finds decreasing incidence of such injuries in some age groups, increasing trends in others, and affirmation of the persistently high cost of gunshot wounds in dollars and human suffering.

Among the findings—firearm-related injuries account for approximately $2.8 billion in emergency department and inpatient care each year.

A report on the analysis, published in the October issue of Health Affairs, is designed to highlight updated trends in types of firearm injuries and the kinds of firearms commonly used over time.

https://hub.jhu.edu/2017/10/04/gun-violence-cost-injury-study/

National Inventory of the Collateral Consequences of Conviction

Here is a new and useful resource that illustrates the types of collateral consequences that follow a person after being convicted of a crime.

What are collateral consequences?

Collateral consequences are legal and regulatory restrictions that limit or prohibit people convicted of crimes from accessing employment, business and occupational licensing, housing, voting, education, and other rights, benefits, and opportunities.

Some collateral consequences serve a legitimate public safety or regulatory function, such as keeping firearms out of the hands of people convicted of violent offenses, prohibiting people convicted of assault or physical abuse from working with children or the elderly, or barring people convicted of fraud from positions of public trust. Others are directly related to a particular crime, such as registration requirements for sex offenders or driver’s license restrictions for people convicted of serious traffic offenses. But some collateral consequences apply without regard to the relationship between the crime and opportunity being restricted, such as the revocation of a business license after conviction of any felony. 

National Inventory of the Collateral Consequences of Conviction
— Read on niccc.csgjusticecenter.org/

Racial disparities in citations for marijuana offenses in Miami

City officials in 2015 created a new “citation” system for use in misdemeanor pot cases to keep more people out of prisons and jails. New data confirms that those citations are largely going to white residents while black residents are more often charged with criminal offenses that can result in prison sentences. It’s “a lot more complicated” than that, says a police spokesman.

News Article

https://www.miaminewtimes.com/news/pot-citations-are-given-to-whites-while-blacks-are-jailed-new-police-data-shows-10701707

ACLU webpage

https://www.aclufl.org/sites/default/files/6440miamidadedisparities20180715spreads.pdf

Report

https://www.aclufl.org/sites/default/files/6440miamidadedisparities20180715spreads.pdf

Report on use of force incident by city of Asheville police officer

When video of this incident was first released i thought it was a perfect example of a “gray area” incident. A gray area incident is the type of incident that goes downhill or takes a wrong turn and becomes more serious that it should have been. It is initiated by an uncooperative suspect or an overzealous officer. Sometimes it is a little of each. In addition to the officer and suspect the issue usually becomes more convoluted by politics, by a district attorney tests the direction of the wind before rendering a decision, and by judges making decisions to satisfy the loudest complaints and not for justice.

Review the material below and tell me what you think.

A report commissioned by the city of Asheville criticizes two Asheville police officers for not intervening when a then city police officer was beating and choking an unarmed black pedestrian last August

Links to the report Policy and Procedure Review Related to the Rush Incident” and links to earlier news reports.

http://www.bpr.org/post/report-apd-officers-should-have-intervened-rush-beating-didnt

News report and links to the video from body worn cameras

http://www.bpr.org/post/additional-body-cam-footage-rush-beating-released

Charges against Officer Chris Hickman

http://www.bpr.org/post/update-former-asheville-police-officer-charged-august-beating

California’s Prop 47 reduced felony drug arrest rates, racial disparities

After the passage of California’s Proposition 47, felony drug arrest rates declined and racial disparities among these arrests decreased.
— Read on journalistsresource.org/studies/government/criminal-justice/prop-47-racial-disparities-drug

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