In the wake of the police killings of George Floyd and Breonna Taylor, as hundreds of thousands of protestors have joined demonstrations throughout the world, there is renewed attention on the day to day dysfunction of police. And, there is new energy and increased political will to eliminate harmful police functions. From inherently segregationist “Ugly Laws” to the Reconstruction era “Black Codes,” the development and enforcement of infraction laws has been and continues to be racist and classist. Police in California issued over 250,000 non-traffic infraction citations in 2019. Non-traffic infractions are only the most low-level violations in both the state and local municipal codes, punishable by a fine. They do not include harms to people or property, but instead criminalize everyday behaviors such as standing, sleeping, owning a dog, and crossing the street.1 Data from this report show deep racial disparities in enforcement: these are not citations police commonly give in white, wealthy neighborhoods. Though the citations are criminal, there is no right to an attorney, and therefore little recourse for people who are targeted for enforcement because of their race. The result is hundreds of dollars in fines and fees people cannot afford to pay, and, in some counties, warrants and arrests for people who do not either pay or appear in court. This ongoing form of police harassment of Black and Latinx communities, people experiencing homelessness, and people with disabilities can cause trauma, and enforcement of minor infractions has led to police violence.
There are 3 types of police stops for vehicle and traffic infractions: Moving, non-moving, and administrative. When you look at the data keep in mind what type of stops are most used? Also think how police might be issuing the traffic tickets. Are the tickets the reason for the stop? Is the ticket an infraction detected after initial stop like the car was stopped for speeding and then it was discovered that the driver’s license was suspended. Or was a crime discovered that was totally unrelated from the stop like the driver was speeding and a gun was observed in the vehicle.
It would be interesting to know the initial reason for the stop for each stop and then see how the stops progress.
The dashboard has analysis of police traffic stops in Baltimore County Maryland
Racial equity in traffic stops: Instituting reform by changing data collection and policing practice.
This was an interesting discussion on how police should make traffic stops. The use of data and what disproportionate stops because of race means.
There were some interesting assertions made as to research and types of tickets issued. I contacted CNA by email to learn more about the connection between they type of ticket written moving, non-moving, or regulatory and bias.
— Read on www.cna.org/news/justice-talks