Race and Washington’s Criminal Justice System: 2021 Report to the Washington Supreme Court

See the report HERE: digitalcommons.law.seattleu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi


This is the Prequel Report that provides historical background to the 2021 report.
Research Working Group, Preliminary Report on Race and Washington’s Criminal Justice
, 47 G ONZ . L. R EV . 251 (2011–2012), 35 S EATTLE U. L. R EV . 623 (2012), 87 W ASH . L. R EV . 1 (2012) [hereinafter 2011 Preliminary Report]. Because of the difficulties of providing pinpoint citations to all three journals, page references to this report will be to the PDF of the report released to the public as part of its historic presentation to the Court,
available here: https://perma.cc/6BV4-RBB8.

Policy Recommendations to Renew and Reform New York State | Manhattan Institute

NOTE: Keep checking back new policy recommendations are added.

The following are policy recommendations adapted from the Empire Center’s The Next New York series, which aims to renew and reform New York state. Topics addressed by Manhattan Institute scholars for this briefing book include criminal justice, education, mental health, and…
— Read on www.manhattan-institute.org/policy-recommendations-to-renew-and-reform-new-york-state

Psychology, Not Circumstances | Manhattan Institute

Among many criminologists, advocates, and policymakers, it is an article of faith that the socioeconomic “root causes” of serious crime must be addressed in order to reduce lawbreaking. However, the enormous crime declines over the course of the late 1990s and early 2000s occurred without…
— Read on www.manhattan-institute.org/understanding-crime-as-entitlement

SPD report discovers 80% of 911 calls were for non-criminal events – MyNorthwest.com

After reviewing more than 1.2 million 911 calls from 2017 to 2019, the Seattle Police Department (SPD) found 79.7% of calls were for non-criminal events.
— Read on mynorthwest.com/3479482/spd-report-discovers-80-of-911-calls-were-for-non-criminal-events/

Seattle Calls for Service Analysis REPORT: https://herbold.seattle.gov/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/Attachment-3-Seattle-Calls-for-Service-Analysis-Report-with-Appendices-NICJR-June-2021.pdf

National Registry of Exonerations – Annual Report 2021

EXONERATIONS. The Registry recorded 161 exonerations in 2021.

YEARS LOST TO WRONGFUL IMPRISONMENT. In 2021, exonerees lost an average of 11.5 years to

wrongful imprisonment for crimes they did not commit — 1,849 years in total for 161 exonerations.

OFFICIAL MISCONDUCT. Official misconduct occurred in at least 102 exonerations in 2021. Fifty-nine homicide cases — 77% of murder and manslaughter exonerations in 2021 — were marred by official misconduct.

THE IMPORTANCE OF PROFESSIONAL EXONERATORS. Professional exonerators — Innocence Organizations (IOs) and Conviction Integrity Units (CIUs) — continued to play essential roles. Jointly, they were responsible for 97 exonerations, 60% of the total. IOs and CIUs worked together on 31 of these exonerations in 2021. IOs took part in 67 exonerations, and CIUs helped secure 61 exonerations

www.law.umich.edu/special/exoneration/Documents/NRE Annual Report 2021.pdf

Who Gets Caught Doing Crime? | Bureau of Justice Statistics

This is an interesting article that discusses that amount of crime a criminal commits before getting caught. This is an important consideration when discussing recidivism, open cases, and reoffending.

Rand survey respondents were considered to be “high-rate” if they reported committing any one of seven types of crime at rates higher than 70 percent of respondents who also committed that crime. The offenders who are arrested frequently despite their relatively low rate of committing crimes are called “low-rate losers” in this study. The study shows that some arrestees with apparently extensive arrest histories are not high-rate, serious offenders. Rather, they are somewhat inept, unprofessional criminals who may be arrested nearly every time they commit a crime. Based on their arrest record alone, it is practically impossible to distinguish them from offenders who commit crimes at high rates. Based on this finding, the authors caution against trying to use as indicators of high-rate criminal behavior the total number of times individuals have been arrested or convicted as adults.

Who Gets Caught Doing Crime? | Bureau of Justice Statistics
— Read on bjs.ojp.gov/library/publications/who-gets-caught-doing-crime-0

Vital City | Gun Violence is THE Crime Problem

This article discusses the impact of crime and fear of crime and not all fear of crime is equal. Gun violence disproportionately impacts peoples lives compared to property crime.

Gun violence, and the fear of gun violence, distort the lives of millions of
— Read on www.vitalcitynyc.org/articles/gun-violence-is-the-crime-problem

San José Independent Police Auditor’s Office Statement on Reports Assessing the San Jose Police Department

Three reports released.

The After-Action Report for San Jose Police Department response to the protests from the death of George Floyd.

Use of Force Report by the San Jose Police Department.

21st Century Police assessment of the San Jose Police Department.

NEWS RELEASE: San José Independent Police Auditor’s Office Statement on Reports Assessing the Police Department | News | City of San Jose
— Read on http://www.sanjoseca.gov/Home/Components/News/News/3783/4699

War Comes Home At America’s Expense: The Excessive Militarization of American Policing-SWAT

This is an interesting publication. The ACLU conducts an analysis of SWAT. In the publication there is the analysis, the findings, and recommendations. Then in an Appendix there are a MOU, policy, training PowerPoint, operational plan. These documents provide a unique perspective (an insiders view) on a SWAT deployment.

I think this would be a perfect resource for Criminal Justice courses or for students reporting on SWAT or policing.