“Through Police Eyes—the Ferguson Effect Scare” by Ronald T. Hosko

This is one of the BEST articles on the “Ferguson Effect”.

Hosko has the best timeline of events that initiated and continued to support fears and concerns the maintained de-policing. This is a very honest and truthful examination of the “Ferguson Effect”. It is also pro-Police.

The dynamic world of American policing encountered a period of great turbulence during the closing years of Barack Obama’s presidency. Some place blame at his feet while others recognize the broader complexities of police and community relations, the impact of serious and deadly use of force incidents, the amplifying effect of the media, expansion of social media, police funding and training challenges, and myriad other factors as contributing to what’s now referred to as “the Ferguson effect” where police retreat from traditional proactive policing.

— Read on scholarship.law.berkeley.edu/bjcl/vol23/iss1/2/

Jennifer E. Cobbina: Hands Up, Don’t Shoot — this is not a pipe podcast

This is an interesting podcast. It is a nice discussion about Professor Cobbina’s book which I’m in the midst of completing.

I have a different reaction to the book than the author of the podcast.

Many people are obviously aware that this nation was founded on a system
of slavery, but what many people don’t know is that the origins of policing
in the United States can be traced to the institution of slavery.”
— Read on www.tinapp.org/episodes/handsup