How to Conduct an After Action Review

Abstract:  An after action review (AAR) is conducted following a critical incident to allow teams to reflect on what happened, what did or did not work in the response and why, and how to improve weaknesses while sustaining and building on strengths. The National Police Foundation and the COPS Office offer this guide to provide a detailed step-by-step guide for law enforcement agencies and relevant stakeholders. By honestly reflecting on their responses to critical incidents, law enforcement can anticipate emerging challenges, incorporate promising practices, and work collaboratively to evolve and prepare for future events. This book defines the AAR process, offers a meta-analysis of 20 AARs, and describes a step-by-step guide for law enforcement agencies and others to conduct AARs

cops.usdoj.gov/RIC/Publications/cops-w0878-pub.pdf