History of the Police

This is the more traditional view of the history of policing.

No. 4—Kelling, George L., and Mark H. Moore. “The Evolving Strategy of Policing.” Perspectives on Policing, November 1988.

Here is an article on the continuation of policing into the future

Bayley, David H. and Christine Nixon. The Changing Environment for Policing, 1985-2008New Perspectives in Policing (Executive Session on Policing and Public Safety), September, 2010.

This is a less traditional view of the historical development of policing. This is a very technical and difficult article to read. The article is very well written. Compared to all of the other articles that came from the 1985-1991 Executive Session on Policing this is by far the most technically challenging article to read.

No. 13—Williams, Hubert, and Patrick V. Murphy. “The Evolving Strategy of Police: A Minority View.” Perspectives on Policing, January 1990.