Misdemeanors are under attack. Misdemeanors are what drives the criminal justice system at least at the local criminal court level.￼ Misdemeanors are the crimes that directly and most often impact day to day life. This has led to a shift of the criminal justice system from being victim focused to offender focused. This has created drastic changes.
The link below has several reports on its webpage and there are also links to several additional articles.
Findings and policy recommendations from a comprehensive analysis of misdemeanor cases in NYC.
— Read on www.courtinnovation.org/publications/misdemeanor-race-NYC
Alternatives to incarceration often replicate the same problematic technologies that fostered mass incarceration.
— Read on www.aclu.org/news/
The Deep South is the epicenter of mass incarceration. The United States incarcerates more people per capita than any other country, with prison populations growing by 86% between 1990 and 2019. For Southern states, prison populations exploded by 127% during that same period. During this time in history, America implemented “tough on crime” policies that responded to public health issues like the drug epidemic with incarceration instead of rehabilitation. Laws for even nonviolent crimes became more punitive with longer sentences, and people of color were disproportionately pushed into prisons with little hope for parole.
Access the article HERE
50-state report on jury disqualification laws and their impact on jury diversity
— Read on www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/juryexclusion.html
Using independent data, researchers found that a 2017 general order increased the number of people released pretrial and was not associated with any significant change in new criminal activity, violent or otherwise.
— Read on www.safetyandjusticechallenge.org/resource/dollars-and-sense-in-cook-county/
Every day in criminal courts across the country, thousands of people enter guilty pleas within hours of their arrest at their initial appearance or arraignment
— Read on papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm
This is an interesting article on oversight of misdemeanor arrests.
Misdemeanor cases affect far more people than felony cases, outnumbering felony cases by more than three to one. Yet very little empirical information exists on many aspects of misdemeanor prosecutions. This Article provides the first quantitative look at appellate review in misdemeanor cases, nationwide. It uses data drawn from a random sample of direct criminal appeals decided by every state appellate court in the nation, unpublished aggregate data on misdemeanor trial court cases provided by the Court Statistics Project, and published state court statistics.
King, Nancy J. and Heise, Michael, Misdemeanor Appeals (February 15, 2019). Cornell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-14. Available at SSRN: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3351217