From After-School Detention to the Detention Center: How Unconstitutional School-Disruption Laws Place Children at Risk of Prosecution for ‘Speech Crimes’ by Frank LoMonte, Ann Marie Tamburro :: SSRN

A frequently overlooked issue with school discipline is the student’s behavior. A student misbehaves in class and is noncompliant when the teacher tells the student to stop. The student isn’t protesting they are misbehaving. The teacher has no other option but to send the student to the office or call in the principal or school security. Basically at this point the student is being removed from class and if the student continues to ignore the orders of the principal or security the final ultimatum may be issued where the student is told to leave the school.

I am skipping some negotiations that also occurred like in most cases there is a history with the student. The teacher has tools to use to handle disruptive students that were employed. The prinipal and security can use de-escalation techniques however if the student resists all of these interventions then choices become limited.

Once the student is told to leave the school there noncompliance breaks the law. It sounds silly. Yeah. Why didn’t the student stop misbehaving right? If the student remains in school they can be arrested. This arrest wasn’t for a student not doing their homework, it’s not because a student was having trouble understanding the assignment, it’s not free speech. It was because the student disrupted class and would not stop. Keep in mind that there were 24 other students in class and hundreds in the school that were behaving.

As unrest erupts across the country over issues of police violence and race, how and when police use their authority inside schools is receiving renewed, and ov
— Read on papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm

An Interactive Guide to the Civil Rights Division’s Police Reforms

This is a fabulous resource to the DOJ Consent Decrees. It is an interactive guide that sorts through past Police Consent Decrees and breaks them into various categories. When you select a category it shows key paragraphs in the Consent Decree that pertain to the searched topic.

It is very useful to compare concepts among several different Consent Decrees.

You can find the guide HERE

Can We Really Defund the Police? A Nine-Agency Study of Police Response to Calls for Service – Cynthia Lum, Christopher S. Koper, Xiaoyun Wu, 2021

Abstract
The protests following the killing of George Floyd in the summer of 2020 led to contentious discussions and debates in many cities about policing, with some calling to “defund the police.” However, this debate has generally proceeded without adequate research about either the scale or nature of issues that the police handle and the potential consequences of the proposed reform efforts. To respond to this research gap, we analyze millions of 911 calls for service across nine U.S. agencies. We report on the types of calls for service that the police handle, including how frequently different calls arise, how much time agencies spend on different categories of calls, and the outcomes of those calls. We find that the amount and types of incidents for which people call the police are voluminous, with the vast majority not obviously transferable to other organizations or government sectors without significant resource expenditures or adjustments. However, if the police retain these responsibilities, they also need to reconsider how they can more effectively address community concerns.
— Read on journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/10986111211035002

The full report is available here

Effective management of serious police misconduct: A machine learning analysis

Abstract: There are a range of management strategies available to police agencies to prevent serious misconduct. While many of these strategies are well accepted practice, there is limited empirical evidence demonstrating their effectiveness.
This study uses partial dependence plots to explore management strategies which have been identified as either increasing or decreasing risk of serious police misconduct. These include the provision of awards or complimentary remarks to officers, remedial action resulting from sustained complaints, and transfers between workplaces.

apo.org.au/sites/default/files/resource-files/2021-08/apo-nid313528.pdf

Task Force on Policing – CCJ

This is the Task Force on the Policing home page HERE

Make sure to check out the “Policy Assessments” page HERE where the task force examines some of the current topics in policing.

For example:

1. Chokeholds and Other Neck Restraints

The Task Force recommends the prohibition of all types of neck restraints, which can cause serious harm to individuals and police legitimacy.

2. Duty to Intervene

The Task Force recommends policies requiring officers to intervene upon witnessing excessive force and to report other misconduct and proscribed behaviors.

3. No-Knock Warrants and Police Raids

The Task Force recommends that jurisdictions prohibit or severely restrict no-knock and quick-knock warrants, which can pose harm to occupants and officers.

Report and Recommendations: Review of the Pillars from the 21st Century Policing Report

Both the FPCA and the Subcommittee recognize that many more action items could have been identified under each of these pillars, and the list provided in this document is not intended to be exhaustive
but is simply a starting place for moving recommendations into action. The Subcommittee further prioritized action items within the framework of responsibility. Certain recommendations are within the responsibility of law enforcement while others are within the domain of communities, and others still
are collective responsibilities. A color-coded legend identifies these entities with primary, but not exclusive, responsibility. All action Items are red, all law enforcement items are blue, all community items are green, and both are in purple.

Get the report HERE

Twins, 9, donate thousands to police fund after cops save their lemonade stand

When someone stole their tip jar, Katelyn and Elias were devastated. Luckily, local first responders were in the mood for lemonade

This happens ALL THE TIME in communities across our nation where police, fireman, neighbors, the business community, and other groups of people step up to right the wrong of a bad person. It’s not always publicized. It is just GREAT AMERICANS doing the right thing. I think that at times we are so busy in our lives to stop and appreciate these small acts of kindness. I’m guilty of it. Then the children have the presence of mind to support “Shop with a COP” a holiday event that brings happiness to underprivileged families. AWESOME! I think the twins have a future turning lemons into lemonade.
— Read on http://www.police1.com/police-heroes/articles/twins-9-donate-thousands-to-police-fund-after-cops-save-their-lemonade-stand-CvbP0g8LcFKfzdqD/

A Roadmap for Re-imagining Public Safety in the United States | Human Rights Watch

Police violence has a long history in the United States and remains a pervasive problem to this day. As recent research by Human Rights Watch has shown, it is inextricably linked to deep and persisting racial inequities and economic class divisions. For reform efforts to be meaningful and effective, they need to address those societal conditions.
— Read on www.hrw.org/news/2020/08/12/roadmap-re-imagining-public-safety-united-states

Get the publication HERE